Publications & Products

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Industry Resources

Air Medical Services Cost Study Report (2017)
Conducted by Xcenda LLC, this study is in response to the need for reputable, independent research specific to air medical transport in order to quantify the costs associated with providing emergent air medical transports

#EMSForward (January 2016)
Center for Patient Safety (CPS) #EMSForward report to support and promote safety in EMS

AAMS Model State Guidelines
A sequel to the 2007 paper entitled Air Medical Services: Future Development as an Integrated Component of the Emergency Medical Services System, these guidelines seek to outline core components and potential language of model state regulation that can be shared with State EMS officials and others interested in state-level oversight of air medical transport.

MedEvac Foundation Public Education White Papers

Air Medical Services: Future Development as an Integrated Component of the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) System
A guidance document by the Air Medical Task Force of the National Association of State EMS Officials, the National Association of EMS Physicians and the Association of Air Medical Services.

EMS Workforce for the 21st Century: A National Assessment
Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics are a critical component of any community’s Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system. Assuring the continued viability of the prehospital EMS workforce is a key concern for many local, State, Federal, and tribal EMS agencies, as well as national EMS organizations. As a first step in systematically addressing the issue, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, in partnership with the Health Resources and Services Administration’s (HRSA) Emergency Medical Services for Children program, supported a research project led by the Center for the Health Professions and School of Nursing at the University of California San Francisco with assistance from the Center for Health Workforce Studies at the University of Washington. The intent of this research is to provide guidance to the national EMS community in ensuring a viable EMS workforce for the future.

Updated Economic Analysis of the U.S. Rotary Wing Air Medical Transport Industry
Following the release of an earlier version of this report dated June 2013, Economic & Planning Systems (EPS) discovered that there were errors and inconsistencies in the underlying survey data used to report the economic benefits. After attention was brought to the fact that primary data collected and used from air medical transport (AMT) programs throughout the U.S. contained flaws in reported operational costs and volume (i.e. number of patient transports), EPS requested that the link to the existing study be removed from the MedEvac Foundation’s website until a revision could be prepared. The link below is a revision of that study.

Updated Economic Analysis of the U.S. Rotary Wing Air Medical Transport Industry

Stay tuned for the Foundation’s 2nd Economic Impact Study, currently underway, focusing on hospitals and hospital-based medical transport programs. This new study will examine the impacts that air medical transport and critical care ground transport programs have on the hospitals they serve.

Vision_zero_3c copySafety Resources

Annotated Bibliography of Safety Literature
To mitigate risk, define root causes, and improve patient safety in the transport medicine setting, it is necessary to understand the relevant medical and non-medical literature related to transport safety. Formated in an excel spreadsheet, the annotated bibliography will serve as a key resource and reference repository for everyone in the transport medicine community. The document contains a thorough and extensive review of the safety literature related to the following domains:

  • Ground critical care ambulance transport
  • Helicopter medical transport
  • Fixed wing medical transport
  • Human factor errors associated with medical transport
  • Medical errors and complications associated with medical transport
  • Safety culture and safety management systems

The literature review contains results and conclusions for 167 medical transport safety research studies. Click here for the background information on the research project.

Vision Zero ToolboxVision Zero Tool Box, powered by Airbus Helicopters, is a free exchange of safety tools in a web based central repository.

AAMS Vision Zero Safety Day Handbook
A document designed to help educate transport programs about the planning, financing and implementation of a safety education day. Safety Days are likely to be a significant part of your program’s Safety Management System (SMS).

Air Medical Accident/Incident Preparation, Response and Recovery: Lessons from Crash Survivors
This document features insights of the Survivors Network, survivors of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) accidents. This resource document aids in industry risk mitigation, accident/incident preparedness, response, and long-term individual and program recovery. While there is no doubt there is great work being done in the air medical industry around the world and there have been significant strides in risk mitigation, incidents and accidents continue to occur. To date there have been 358 crewmembers killed in air medical accidents, but there are over 600 survivors of accidents in HEMS alone since the early 1970s. This document will assist HEMS programs to incorporate survivors into their current Post Accident Incident Plan (PAIP).

Clinical Resources

CCT CORE LogoThe Critical Care Transport Collaborative Outcomes Research Effort (CCT CORE) is a multicenter research group, assembled to advance the science of air and ground CCT. The group is led by an open-membership Steering Committee. CCT CORE and all studies highlighted in the website were funded by research grants from MedEvac Foundation:

  • Airway Study
  • TREAT Fx Study
  • Adverse Event Taxonomy
  • EMS Safety Attitudes Questionaire Study

Guidelines for Air Medical Crew Education

product_thumbnailAvailable only in digital format, these Guidelines set forth a template for the initial training of advanced life support (ALS) level air medical crew members to extend their knowledge and skills beyond existing EMT-P, RN, and respiratory care training curricula. This publication covers the knowledge and competencies required for air medical programs to provide appropriate patient care at altitude and in the transport environment. It includes information, bibliographies, and suggestions for skills development in the following broad areas:

  • Background and history of air medical transport
  • Safety considerations
  • Community, public relations, cultural competency, and legal issues
  • Patient assessment and packaging
  • The physiology of transport in the air medical environment
  • Assessment and care of patients with a wide range of diseases and traumatic injuries
  • Knowledge and competencies required by air medical programs that transport specialized and high-risk patient groups

An Evidence-based Prehospital Guideline for External Hemorrhage Control: American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma
External hemorrhage has been increasingly recognized as a major cause of potentially preventable death following severe injury. This issue has been thoroughly addressed by the U.S. military Tactical Combat Casualty Care Committee (TCCC) in response to the increase in life-threatening external hemorrhage seen in the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Implementation of the TCCC guidelines for tourniquet use has been associated with a significant reduction in the number of combat deaths attributed to extremity hemorrhage. Lessons learned from the military management of these injuries are beginning to be adopted in the civilian community and the recent Boston marathon bombing event highlighted this issue.